The emergent nature of software systems (slideshow)

This slideshow offers a visual argument, based on the System Attraction visualization, of how software systems have emergent structures.

This slideshow strengthens the argument I made previously that the evolution of software architecture is a complex game, and it offers the motivation for why the daily assessment process is needed in practice.

Posted by Tudor Girba at 28 June 2015, 11:14 am with tags assessment, daily, complexity, visualization link

Moose 5.1

We are happy to announce version 5.1 of the Moose Suite:



This is a minor release. The key highlights are:

  • It is based on Pharo 4.0.
  • Roassal2 comes with several new builder, most notably the new Mondrian builder (RTMondrian) and the chart drawing engine (RTGrapher).
  • GTSpotter has preview abilities and was extended for multiple search use cases including the navigation through Moose models.
  • GTPlayground was extended with sharing possibilities and transparent backup.
  • GTExample now offers support for documenting classes with example instances.
  • Moose Finder and GTInspector come with more custom presentations.
  • PetitParser has seen performance corrections and has been extended with the ability to parse whitespace languages.


The Moose Suite 5.1 comes for each platform as a separate bundle:

The Moose Suite 5.1 can also be loaded in a Pharo 4.0 image either from the Configuration Browser, or by executing the following script:

Gofer new
smalltalkhubUser: 'Moose' project: 'Moose';

The Moose team

Posted by Tudor Girba at 4 June 2015, 8:37 am with tags moose, tooling link

Guiding a rename effort with GTInspector

After a debate on the Pharo mailing list, we ended up choosing to rename all variations of the example* pragmas to gtExample*. Furthermore, as a second step, we also wanted all methods annotated with gtExample* to start with an example prefix because this would not conflict with the behavior from the code browser.

With this occasion, we also decided to go through the list manually to review. This is not a terribly complicated issue except that we are talking about some couple of hundred methods scattered through dozens of classes.

Having to affect multiple pieces of code scattered throughout the system is not an atypical software development problem, and I find it odd at how little support there exists in typical IDEs for something like this. So, how do you keep track of something like this in Pharo?

Here is a variation of a script that we used to keep track of the second step of renaming the method names:

(Object withAllSubclasses flatCollectAsSet: [ :each |
     (Pragma allNamed: #gtExample in: each) ,
     (Pragma allNamed: #gtExample: in: each) ,
     (Pragma allNamed: #gtExampleFrom: in: each) ])
     select: [ :each | each selector beginsWith: 'example' ]

Inspecting the result in the inspector, reveals a small query-scoped browser that allows you to focus only on the task at hand and know precisely when you are finished.


This solution is terribly inexpensive. Essentially, it is a short query combined with some object inspection. The code involved is minimal, too. This is possible exactly because we turned the concept of an IDE on its head, and as a consequence many use cases that are otherwise seen as the exclusive realm of dedicated tools can be handled with compositions of modular and small ones.

Posted by Tudor Girba at 17 May 2015, 4:09 pm with tags story, gt, spike, pharo, moose link

Adding Magritte forms in GTInspector

Magritte is a meta-engine that can be instantiated for any Pharo object. One of its applications is that of generating forms out of the meta-descriptions to enable the user to manipulate the values of an object. These forms can be rendered in multiple ways, such as a web form. Given that the engine also offers a backend for rendering morphs directly in the Pharo image, this can be leveraged to be integrated as well in the GTInspector.

Let’s take a look at an example.

In the latest Moose 5.1 distribution, the GLMMagrittePersonExample class provides an simple example for describing a person with a name and an address, and if you inspect an instance of this class, you get a form with which you can manipulate those fields:


How does this work? Both the name and the address are described as Magritte properties like this:

    ^ MAStringDescription new
        accessor: #name;
        label: 'Name';


Glamour, the engine behind the GTInspector, can embed Magritte forms directly. As our annotated object already provides a description, the extension to offer the presentation in the inspector is as simple as:

GLMMagrittePersonExample>>gtInspectorMagritteIn: composite
    <gtInspectorPresentationOrder: 40>
    composite magritte
        title: 'Form';
        display: [ self ]


That’s it. Once you have Magritte annotations, you can directly use them to provide form manipulation directly in the inspector, or for that matter, in any other Glamour browser.

Posted by Tudor Girba at 15 May 2015, 11:35 pm with tags moose, tooling, gt link

Checking for uniformity in SVN from Pharo

In an effort to ease continuous delivery for a system, we needed to ensure that all installation projects (for various sites and customers) had a uniform structure. Specifically, after refactoring the package assembly part of the continuous delivery pipeline, we wanted to ensure that all installation projects had a configs/srv/deployments/ path in them.

To check this, we created a tiny script. First, we invoked the Windows command line to get the list of all installation names from Subversion and we dumped these in a installations.txt file:

WinProcess createAndWaitForProcess: 'cmd /c "svn list https://svn/svn/delivery/installations > installations.txt"'.

Afterwards, to check that each of these projects we traversed all the corresponding Subversion repositories. The simplest way we could think of was to simply check that the header of the http request is not an error (such as 404):

'installations.txt' asFileReference readStreamDo: [ :s |
     s contents lines select: [ :each |
          (ZnClient new
               url: 'https://svn/svn/delivery/installations/', each, 'trunk/configs/srv/deployments/';
               username: ‘username' password: ‘password';
               response) isError ] ].

We got some 80 such projects that needed to be redone (out of a couple of hundred). The whole exercise took less than 10 minutes and could be done with a stock Moose (or even Pharo in this case) distribution, but it was a useful test that guided a multi-hour work. At the end, we reran the same script to check that we are truly done. And we were done.

Posted by Tudor Girba at 4 May 2015, 11:36 pm with tags story, spike, moose, assessment link
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